一、课文A重点词汇

1injure: hurt offend(对生物的)伤害,损害

【例句】She was badly injured in an accident. 她在一次事故中受重伤。

There were two people injured in the car accident. 有两个人在车祸中受了伤。

【扩展】injury n.伤害;侮辱

2revenge n. punishment given to sb.. in return for harm done to oneself复仇,报复(for, on)  vt. do sth. to get satisfaction ; avenge 报仇;报之仇

【例句】He took his revenge on the firm for laying him off. 他因公司解雇他而向公司报复。

He revenged himself on all the people who insulted him.他向所有侮辱了他的人报了仇。

【考点】do sth. in/ out of revenge (for sth.) (...)报复性地/ 出于报复做某事 be revenged on sb. (=revenge oneself on sb.)向某人报仇 seek one's revenge on找机会向...报仇

3vacant a.(of a place or space) empty; not filled with anything空的,未被占用的;(of a job or position) not at present filled空缺的(工作或职位);lacking expression; blank:无表情的;茫然的(凝视、目光);空虚的

【例句】Are there any rooms vacant in this hotel? 这家旅馆有空房吗?

Many people apply for the vacant position in the office 很多人申请这个空缺的职务。

I couldn’t figure out her mood from the vacant expression on her face. 从她茫然的表情我弄不懂她的心情。

【扩展】vacantly ad.木然地,茫然地

【考点】a vacant room空房间 a vacant position空职 a vacant expression 茫然的表情 a vacant life空闲的生活 a vacant estate无继承人的产业 vacant possession (房屋出售等的广告用语)空房出售

4intimate a.(of people) close in relationship亲密的;密切的 personal, private 私人的,个人的 vt.暗示,提示(常与that连用) n.至交,密友

【例句】They used to be intimate friends.他们曾经是亲密的朋友。

I hate to interrupt your intimate conversation but we do have something serious to discuss.我不愿意打扰你们的私人谈话,但我们的确有重要事情要谈。

She intimated that she was quitting school. 她暗示她想辍学。

He is an intimate of Mr White. 他是怀特先生的密友。

【扩展】intimacy n.亲密,亲昵,关系密切 intimately 亲密地

【考点】be/ get on intimate terms with sb.(渐渐)熟悉某人且关系密切

5despair n. complete lack or loss of hope绝望, 失望, 令人失望的人(事物)  vi.(of) have lost all hope绝望,失去希望

【例句】He gave up the attempt in despair. 他失望地放弃尝试。

Unmotivated students are the despair of their teachers.没有学习动力的学生被老师认为是绝望的人

They despaired of winning the game.他们不抱比赛得胜的希望。

【考点】abandon oneself to despair悲观失望 (be) the despair of令人失望的人/ fall into despair陷入绝望 in despair绝望地 out of despair出于绝望 yield to / give way to despair断念; 绝望

6shatter vt. break sth. suddenly into small pieces; smash粉碎;砸碎;破灭,打破 vi碎裂

【例句】The looters shattered the shop windows.劫匪砸碎了商店的橱窗。

The outcome of the conflict shattered our dreams of peace and prosperity.冲突的后果摧毁了我们对和平与繁荣的梦想。

The glass shattered when it hit the floor. 玻璃杯掉在地板上摔得粉碎。

【考点】shatter one’s hope / dream粉碎某人的希望/ 梦想

7confine vt limit, restrict.限制

confines n. limits, borders, boundaries(正式)界限;边界;范围

【例句】He has been confined to the wheelchair for over ten years. 他的活动范围限制于轮椅上已经有十余年了。

We should not confine our learning to book knowledge. 我们的学习不应该局限于书本知识。

This is outside the confines of human knowledge.这超出了人类知识范畴。

【考点】be confined to ()限于, ()限制/ 封闭在 beyond the confines of超出...的范围 within the confines of...(范围)之内

8leak v.(使)(气、油、水、风等)渗漏;(使)泄露出去 n. 漏隙;露出物

【例句】The rusted pipes began to leak.生锈的管道开始漏水。

My car seems to be leaking oil.我的车好像在漏油。

There’s a leak in the roof — the rain's coming in. 房顶有漏洞,雨往里进。

A large leak of radioactivity endangered the citizens.大量放射性的泄漏威胁着市民的生命安全。

【考点】 A small leak will sink a great ship.[]小洞沉大船; 小患不治成大灾。

9defy vt. disobey; fight against; show no fear or respect for 违抗;蔑视;challenge激,向挑战;不可能做到

【例句】If you defy the law, you may find yourself in prison.如果不服从法律,就可能会坐牢。

I defy you to prove that I have cheated. 我敢说你不能证明我曾行骗。

It defies description. 那无法形容。

【扩展】defiance n.违抗;蔑视

【考点】defy sb. to do sth.挑激某人做某事 defy description / comprehension无法描述/ 理解 defy the law违背法律 defy tradition反传统

10fade vi. (away) disappear or die gradually逐渐消失;lose strength, color, freshness衰颓;褪色;凋谢 vt. 使褪色

【例句】Youthful energy has faded over the years. 青春的活力已随岁月而消失。

All memory of her childhood had faded from her mind. 他对童年的一切记忆逐渐从脑海里消失了。

The sound of the cheering faded away in the distance.欢呼声在远处逐渐消失了。

As the programme ended, their conversation faded out. 节目结束时,他们的谈话声也逐渐消失了。

Time has faded her beauty.岁月使她的美貌逐渐逝消失。

【扩展】

【考点】fade away逐渐凋谢,慢慢减弱  fade in (声音、图像等)淡入,逐渐出现  fade out(声音、图像等)淡出,逐渐消失